Newborn Infant


Newborn Infant

Exam Yield

Probability of getting 1 Question from this chapter 178%

There can be up to 8 marks from this chapter.

If nothing else, read up the definitions and scores in this chapter.

Question Pattern

This Chapter can have questions pertaining to a normal infant or a high risk infant.

Read the definitions of different time periods like Perinatal period.

Read this chapter in conjunction with Antenatal Care in OG, to cover high risk features like

  • IUGR
  • Oligohydramnios
  • Congenital infections etc

And finally, remember the details of Primitive reflexes

Recent Questions

Questions on this chapter from recent NEET and AIIMS examinations have been about
  • Post-term infant – Definition
  • Asymmetric IUGR
  • Newborn infants are administered vitamin K at birth at a dose of
  • Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative
  • Leukokoria – Causes
  • Congenital CMV infection – features, investigations
  • New Ballard score
  • Oligohydramnios – Overview
  • Infants of diabetic mothers
  • Correct order of suctioning during neonatal resuscitation
  • Color of the first stool in the newborn is due to
  • Features of prematurity in a neonate
  • Severe variable deceleration
  • Parachute reflex disappears
  • Teratogenic drugs
  • Timeline for primitive reflexes
  • Asymmetric tonic neck reflex (ATNR) disappears at
  • Large for gestational age – Definition
  • VLBW definition
  • Perinatal period – definition
  • Apgar score
  • Anomalies with Large or Small fontanelles
  • Neonatal period – definition
  • Hypothermia in newborn
  • Scarf sign

Suggested Revision

Brush up the following topics

  • Benign findings in a newborn
  • Normal findings in a newborn
  • Erythema toxicum
  • Moro reflex – Normal & Abnormal
  • APGAR score & Acidosis
  • Post-neonatal mortality – definition
  • Antenatal screening tests – Methods
  • Feeding methods in low-birth-weight (LBW) infants
  • Single umbilical artery
  • IUGR – Causes
  • Drugs toxic to infants
  • Complications of post-maturity
  • Post term – Clinical features

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